“The architecture won’t interfere with the major hat of the vehicle,” mentioned Mike Simcoe, world-wide vice president of structure at GM. “Structurally, the skateboard efficiently stops at the floorpan. And so every thing previously mentioned that is cost-free. In a traditional establish, points like the cowl and sprint panel and the front hinge pillars are managed by factors coming out of the chassis, this sort of as engines, gas tanks, etcetera. But in a skateboard, it can be all down small, and you have received more liberty.
“You … specific it by proportion. You can do a prolonged dash-to-axle, you can do a tall vehicle. It really is all governed by the H-place,” he reported, referring to the theoretical pivoting issue of a passenger’s hip, which influences everything from roof top to inside place to simplicity of entry and exit.
Some of the most recent EVs, such as the Lucid Air, Rivian R1T and forthcoming Cadillac Celestiq, reveal the advantage of the skateboard chassis. These vehicles have generous inside room relative to their body dimensions, and in the circumstance of the Rivian’s pickup, ample storage places not readily available in physique-on-body trucks.
Mainly because electric powered motors are smaller sized than gasoline engines and have to have less umbilicals, these kinds of as cooling and exhaust hookups, engineers can set push motors in the front axle, in the rear axle, or each in the situation of all-wheel-generate motor vehicles. If the Lordstown Endurance pickup launches, it will be the first present day common generation car to have the motors in the wheel hubs. The Stamina has its battery pack mounted between the body rails, though it nonetheless utilizes a pretty traditional rugged steel truck frame.
Roush’s Fraker believes just one of the skateboard’s constraints is that it isn’t suited to exchange the frames used on hardworking cars, such as hefty- responsibility trucks that haul huge masses.
“I think it will be quite a number of a long time ahead of we see sizeable vehicles that manage huge masses go to the skateboard,” he said. These frame rails give us fantastic power, and I think they will persevere in the professional sector. But almost everything in the lighter classes, you will see extra integration of the battery and the car.”
Lindsay Brooke, editor of SAE Worldwide, the journal of the firm formerly acknowledged as the Modern society of Automotive Engineers, suggests designers can produce extended autos on the skateboard chassis, and engineers can quickly accommodate people alterations with no disrupting the assembly lines. But the width of a skateboard vehicle is not as versatile.